LATEST NEWS


21.04.2022, avtor Paloma Pucci (Bibliothèque nationale de France)

BLOG POST PUBLISHED

The Bibliophile of Bruges

Exploring the Manuscript Collection of Louis of Bruges

The 14th and 15th centuries witnessed the rise of great princely and aristocratic libraries all over Europe. These were composed of books that had been inherited, received as gifts, purchased or personally commissioned, either for private devotion and personal education, for pleasure and amusement or for display.

Read more on Europeana

13.04.2022, by Markus Greulich (Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin)

BLOG POST PUBLISHED

Medieval monastic book inventories

Learn about medieval book lists and how they differ from today's library catalogues

Libraries are places of knowledge. Everyone who owns books and everyone who manages libraries has always wanted to know what exactly they have in their possession. This is as true today as it was in the nineteenth century, or even the Middle Ages.

Read more on Europeana

05.04.2022, by Markus Greulich (Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin)

BLOG POST PUBLISHED

Corbie Abbey and today’s font

How Corbie Abbey's medieval manuscripts connect to today's fonts

When you think of the French region of Picardy, most likely important cities such as Amiens, Beauvais, or Laon come to mind. Corbie is less known and it is not that easy to find even on 18th-century maps of northern France.

Read more on Europeana

01.03.2022

GALLERY PUBLISHED

Female literacy in the Middle Ages

Female literacy during the Middle Ages was surprisingly high. Nuns were authors and scribes. Many other women encouraged reading and learning, especially noble woman. One example was Christine de Pizan, a poet at the court of King Charles VI of France.

More on Europeana

22.02.2022, by André Bouwman (Leiden University Libraries), Erik-Jan Dros (Leiden University Libraries)

BLOG POST PUBLISHED

Video Series: Exploring the Medieval Manuscript Book

Join eight show-and-tell sessions with unique artefacts in the reading room of the Leiden University Library

Medieval manuscripts were collected and read for the texts they contained, especially those surviving from classical antiquity. But the book can tell us so much more than solely the text it contains! Studying the materiality of books can provide important information about how, when, where and even why they were made. It can also show how books were used and valued during the many centuries of their existence.

Read more on Europeana

18.02.2022

VIDEO PUBLISHED

Video 08: Dimensions and forms

The video series ‘Exploring the Medieval Manuscript Book’ features book historian Irene O’Daly (Leiden University), introducing a wider audience to unique artefacts that were created with pen and ink in a distant past. In this eighth and last episode, she discusses the dimensions and forms of manuscripts.

Watch the video

17.02.2022, by Paloma Pucci (Bibliothèque nationale de France)

BLOG POST PUBLISHED

From manuscript production to the printing press

How the page layout evolved during the early years of the printed book.

The first books produced in Europe using the movable type printing system were printed in the 1450’s in Mainz, Germany. Although printing had already been practised for several centuries in China, Japan and Korea, it was German inventor Johann Gutenberg (1400-1468) who perfected the technique that allowed the mass reproduction of texts and the fabrication of high quality printed books.

Read more on Europeana

16.02.2022

VIDEO PUBLISHED

Video 07: Composite volumes


The video series ‘Exploring the Medieval Manuscript Book’ features book historian Irene O’Daly (Leiden University), introducing a wider audience to unique artefacts that were created with pen and ink in a distant past. In this seventh episode, she discusses bindings consisting of parts that were not created at the same time and/or place.

Watch the video

12.02.2022

GALLERY PUBLISHED

Monastic rules and similar formative texts

Life in a monastery was structured through and governed by monastic rules, which set out the daily programme and the duties of each member. Most orders followed the Rule of Saint Benedict, but there were others.
Curated by Eva De Cooman.

More on Europeana

11.02.2022

VIDEO PUBLISHED

Video 06: Bindings


The video series ‘Exploring the Medieval Manuscript Book’ features book historian Irene O’Daly (Leiden University), introducing a wider audience to unique artefacts that were created with pen and ink in a distant past. In this sixth episode, she discusses medieval bindings.

Watch the video

09.02.2022

VIDEO PUBLISHED

Video 05: Traces of users


The video series ‘Exploring the Medieval Manuscript Book’ features book historian Irene O’Daly (Leiden University), introducing a wider audience to unique artefacts that were created with pen and ink in a distant past. In this fifth episode she discusses the traces that readers left in the books they used.

Watch the video

04.02.2022

VIDEO PUBLISHED

Video 04: Traces of scribes


The video series ‘Exploring the Medieval Manuscript Book’ features book historian Irene O’Daly (Leiden University), introducing a wider audience to unique artefacts that were created with pen and ink in a distant past. In this fourth episode, she discusses the traces that scribes left in their books.

Watch the video

02.02.2022

VIDEO PUBLISHED

Video 03: Discontinuous reading


The video series ‘Exploring the Medieval Manuscript Book’ features book historian Irene O’Daly (Leiden University), introducing a wider audience to unique artefacts that were created with pen and ink in a distant past. In this third episode, she discusses how scribes adapted their manuscripts to facilitate discontinuous reading.

Watch the video

28.01.2022

VIDEO PUBLISHED

Video 02: Structuring the medieval page


The video series ‘Exploring the Medieval Manuscript Book’ features book historian Irene O’Daly (Leiden University), introducing a wider audience to unique artefacts that were created with pen and ink in a distant past. In this second episode, she discusses the structure of the medieval page.

Watch the video

26.01.2022

VIDEO PUBLISHED

Video 01: Scripts


The video series ‘Exploring the Medieval Manuscript Book’ features book historian Irene O’Daly (Leiden University), introducing a wider audience to unique artefacts that were created with pen and ink in a distant past. In this first episode, she discusses medieval scripts.

Watch the video

17.12.2021

DOCUMENT PUBLISHED

ARMA Europeana Data Model Specifications


This document has been created as part of the generic services project 'The Art of Reading in the Middle Ages', by Europeana in collaboration with the ARMA-partners.

It is intended to assist partners in the ARMA project with advice on mapping their data into EDM, to reach a high data quality standard and using as many linked open data (LOD) references as possible.

Download the document

29.10.2021

ONLINE EXHIBITION PUBLISHED

The Art of Reading in the Middle Ages


Let's take a journey through society of medieval Europe to discover the rich palette in which reading manifested.

We begin in the monasteries, where the written Latin word (Latinitas) was cultivated in the early centuries of the Middle Ages, and continue to the noble courts of the High and Late Middle Ages. The attitudes of nobility towards reading changed during the first half of the Middle Ages: the ability to read and write was among the skills civilised knights and damsels should possess. Their interests led to the creation of new literary genres: courts were the birthplace of courtly literature (hence the name).

Read more on Europeana

30.06.2021

MILESTONE 06: ENGAGEMENT PLAN

Engagement plan is describing how the ARMA consortium will achieve audience development based on the use of collection presentations and datasets, social media, blogs, galleries and a curated online exhibition. The plan also outlines which partners we will be involved and how the material will be incorporated into relevant education platforms.

Read more about Milestone 6

30.04.2021

MILESTONE 04: SELECTION OF OUTSTANDING OBJECTS

This document is the result of Activity 3, Engagement. Activity 3 runs from March 31 2021 to February 28 2022. Every data providing partner has identified relevant objects from their own collections or already available in Europeana and indicated how they relate to the theme of the Art of Reading in the Middle Ages, using a standardized list of topics and keywords. These objects will form parts of editorial outputs aimed at delivering a strong user experience.

Read more about Milestone 4

Image for Milestone 1 news
04.02.2021

MILESTONE 01 OF THE ARMA PROJECT COMPLETED

Last week the ARMA project partners delivered a lengthy report. In the period October 2020 - January 2021, they have mapped the relevant items that can already be found on Europeana and the new items that the partners will supply. In total approximately 20,000 medieval manuscripts, incunabula and related objects will be brought together on the Europeana website.

The Europeana website will not only bring together these objects, but the partners will also publish contextual information: an interactive online exhibition, blogs and other so-called editorials. With its outreach program, ARMA not only wants to appeal to a general audience (in several languages!), but in particular also to various educational target groups: primary and secondary school students, and students in higher education.

In addition, the project will also enhance Europeana’s visitor experience by creating rich object descriptions and increase the use and interoperability of the collections via Europeana by using the International Image Interoperability Framework protocol (IIIF)

Now the inventory is completed, the project can really start.

Read more about Milestone 1

Introduction of the ARMA Project.
24.09.2020

INTRODUCTION OF THE PROJECT

The project aims to show how medieval reading culture evolved and became a fundamental aspect of European culture. The project will deliver 20,000 records of medieval manuscripts created between the years c. 500 and c. 1500 to Europeana.

Read more

Representative image of the Project Rise of Literacy.
14.09.2017

RISE OF LITERACY

This project explored the history of the written text in Europe, and aimed to showcase related cultural treasures on the Europeana collections website.

Read more

Rise of Literacy exhibition.

EXHIBITION: RISE OF LITERACY

The rise of literacy in early modern Europe was a result of both the formal education of children and the changing reading habits of adults. Different types of texts were used at different times to spur the trend toward literacy.

Read more

Illuminated initial from medieval manuscripts.
10.01.2019

Lighting the Way: How Illuminated Initials Guided Medieval Readers through Books

Many medieval manuscripts are full of decorated capital letters that add colour to the page. They come in all styles and sizes, but what exactly are they and what was their purpose?

Read more



European Union logo
Project ARMA logo
Europeana logo